Sunday, November 27, 2016

Review Question for Principles of Quality Management

1. Which of the following is the main reason to prohibit food and drink in a film darkroom?
a. Avoid contamination of processor solutions
b. Prevent artifacts
c. Prevent pressure marks on the film
d. Prevent static artifacts
2. Which of the following terms best describes the amount of light that is emitted from or scattered by a surface?
a. Photometry
b. Luminance
c. Illuminance
d. Optical density
3. Which of the following names a device that can be used to measure darkroom humidity levels?
a. Sensitometer
b. Densitometer
c. Hydrometer
d. Psychrometer
4. Proper darkroom ventilation should include room changes of air per hour.
a. 3 to 5
b. 6 to 8
c. 8 to 10
d. 10 to 12
5. Which of the following terms refers to the amount of light emitted by a screen for a given amount of X-ray exposure?
a. Speed
b. Sensitivity
c. Lag
d. Resolution
6. Which of the following terms best describes the ability of a screen material to convert X-ray energy into light energy?
a. Screen speed
b. Quantum detection efficiency (QDE)
c. Conversion efficiency
d. Resolution
7. Why should boxes of film and containers of developer solution not be stored near each other?
a. Developer contains naturally occurring radioactive material.
b. Pressure marks can occur on the film.
c. Static electricity is more common.
d. None of the above is correct.
8. Photometric readings from each quadrant of a single viewbox panel should not vary by more than ±%.
a. 2
b. 5
c. 10
d. 20
9. Which of the following terms is the unit most commonly used to measure luminance?
a. Lux
b. Nit
c. Foot-candle
d. Lumen
10. Which of the following terms best describes the ability of an imaging system to create separate images of closely spaced high-contrast objects?
a. Screen speed
b. Spatial resolution
c. Contrast resolution
d. Quantum mottle
(Papp 51)
1. When mixing developer solution from concentrate, which part should be placed into the tank first?
a. Part A
b. Part B
c. Part C
d. Water
2. What would cause an ammonia-like odor in a darkroom?
a. Contamination of the fixer by the developer
b. Oxidation of the developer
c. Improper mixing of the developer
d. Overreplenishment of the developer
3. In an automatic processor, which of the following is not considered part of the three principal subsystems of the film transport system?
a. Microswitch
b. Rollers
c. Transport racks
d. Drive motor
4. According to ANSI standards, the maximum amount of hyporetention allowed is ______ μg/cm3.
a. 2
b. 5
c. 8
d. 10
5. If the developer temperature is set at 96 °F, then the wash water temperature should be set at _____° F.
a. 86
b. 91the temperature should be about 5 °F (3 °C) less than the developer temperature
c. 96
d. 101
6. Which processing chemical is responsible for creating optical densities greater than 1.2 on a diagnostic image?
a. Phenidone
b. Hydroquinone
c. Elon
d. Metol
7. Which system of the automatic processor consumes the greatest amount of electrical power?
a. Transport
b. Replenishment
c. Circulation
d. Dryer
8. Which of the following is located at the bottom of each processing tank?
a. Entrance rack
b. Vertical rack
c. Turnaround rack
d. Crossover rack
9. Which of the following materials are used in the construction of an entrance roller?
a. Acrylic plastic (Plexiglas)
b. Stainless steel
c. Polyester
d. Rubberized plastic
10. Hydrogen ions (H+) that constitute one-ten thousandth of a molar of a liquid would have which of the following pH values?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 8

1. What is the margin of error for the specific gravity of processing solutions?
a. 0.002
b. 0.004
c. 0.006
d. 0.1

2. Which of the following cannot be determined by an H and D curve or a processor control chart?
a. Film sensitivity
b. Film contrast
c. Recorded detail
d. B + F

3. What type of film does the presence of bromide drag produce?
a. Overdeveloped
b. Underdeveloped
c. Underfixed
d. Overfixed

4. When is the best time to process sensitometric films?
a. Morning, after the processor is warmed up
b. Late morning or midday, after the peak-demand period
c. Late afternoon, during the low-demand period
d. Evening, during the lowest-demand period

5. Which of the following terms best describes a device designed to give precise, reproducible, and graded light exposures to a film?
a. Densitometer
b. Photometer
c. Sensitometer
d. Penetrometer

6. Which of the following values is the maximum variation allowed for the contrast indicator in daily sensitometric films?
a. ±0.01
b. ±0.05
c. ±0.15
d. ±0.2

7. Which of the following characteristics explains why daily quality control activities are usually required for film processing systems?
a. High degree of complexity
b. High degree of variability
c. High degree of consistency
d. None of the above

8. Which of the following will have the greatest effect in causing the processor control limits to exceed accepted values?
a. Dryer temperature too low
b. Amount of water flow too high
c. Increased replenishment rates
d. Fluctuation in developer temperature

9. How often should sensitometric testing be performed on automatic film processors?
a. Weekly
b. Daily
c. Monthly
d. Semiannually

10. Which of the following terms defines the relationship between the intensity of radiation absorbed by the film and the optical density produced?
a. Densitometry
b. Dosimetry
c. Sensitometry
d. Sensitivity
(Papp 81)

1. Which of the following units is used for measurement of precious metals such as silver?
a. Standard ounce
b. Avoirdupois ounce
c. Troy ounce
d. None of the above

2. Which of the following is the largest worldwide consumer of silver?
a. Photographic industry
b. Electronics industry
c. Sterlingware industry
d. Space program

3. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1987 limits liquid waste to a toxic level of no more than __________ ppm.
a. 2
b. 5
c. 10
d. 100

4. From which of the following components do most silver recovery systems reclaim the silver?
a. Developer solution
b. Fixer solution
c. Wash water
d. Dryer section

5. Which of the following is the simplest and least expensive method of silver reclamation?
a. Metallic replacement method
b. Electrolytic method
c. Chemical precipitation
d. Resin method

6. Which of the following problems are associated with steel wool metallic replacement cartridges: (1) channeling, (2) rusting, or (3) drain stoppage?
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2, and 3

7. When electrolytic silver recovery units are used, the silver is deposited on which of the following?
a. Anode
b. Cathode
c. Both the cathode and the anode
d. Neither the cathode nor the anode

8. The oldest form of silver recovery is the ______ method.
a. metallic replacement
b. electrolytic
 c. chemical precipitation
d. resin

9. Which of the following are factors that affect the efficiency of silver reclamation systems: (1) dwell time, (2) agitation, or (3) surface area?
a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 1 and 3 only
d. 1, 2, and 3

10. What percentage of silver is usually dissolved in the fixer solution during film processing?
a. 10%
b. 25%
c. 50%
d. 90%

(Papp 88-89)

No comments:

Post a Comment